binary addition using stack in STL source code

This snippet submitted by anmol on 2012-04-15. It has been viewed 10588 times.
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 //binary addition using stack in STL

// Inclusion of header files
#include<iostream>
#include<stack>
using namespace std;

		/* READ BINARY NUMBER */
stack<int> read()
  {
    stack<int> s;
    int x,n,i;

    cout<<"\nEnter the no. of bits in the no. :";
    cin>>n;
    cout<<"\nEnter the binary number : ";

    for(i=0;i<n;i++)
      {
	cin>>x;
	s.push(x);
      }
    return s;
  }
		/* DISPLAY  FUNCTION */

void display(stack<int> &s)
  {
    cout<<"  ";
    while(!s.empty())
      {
	cout<<s.top()<<" ";
	s.pop();
      }
  }
		/* ADDITION OF TWO BINARY NOS.*/
stack<int> add(stack<int> &s1,stack<int> &s2)
  {
    stack<int> s;
    int sum,carry=0,b1,b2;

    while(!s1.empty()||!s2.empty())
      {
	b1=b2=0;
	if(!s1.empty())
	  {
	    b1=s1.top();
	  s1.pop();
	}
	if(!s2.empty())
	  {
	    b2=s2.top();
		s2.pop();
	    
	  }
	sum=(b1+b2+carry)%2;
	carry=(b1+b2+carry)/2;
	s.push(sum);
      }
    if(carry==1)
      s.push(1);
    return s;
  }

		/* MAIN FUNCTION*/

int main()
  {
    stack<int> s1,s2,s3;
    int ch;

    cout<<"\n\t\t\t***MENU***\n";
    cout<<"\n1........Read first number"
	<<"\n2........Read second number"
	<<"\n3........Display addtion of two numbers"
	<<"\n4........Exit";

    do
      {
	cout<<"\nEnter your choice..: ";
	cin>>ch;

	switch(ch)
	  {
	    case 1:
		   s1=read();
		   break;

	    case 2:
		   s2=read();
		   break;

	    case 3:
		   cout<<"\nThe result of addition is :";
		   s3=add(s1,s2);
		   display(s3);
		   break;
	  }
      }while(ch!=4);
    return 0;
  }

			
				/*****OUTPUT*****/
/*
                    ***MENU***

1........Read first number
2........Read second number
3........Display addtion of two numbers
4........Exit
Enter your choice..: 1

Enter the no. of bits in the no. :3

Enter the binary number : 1 1 1

Enter your choice..: 2

Enter the no. of bits in the no. :3

Enter the binary number : 1 1 1

Enter your choice..: 3

The result of addition is :  1 1 1 0
Enter your choice..: 4

*/




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